2019年12月英语四级听力真题第1套-短文1

外语2020-08-19 16:58:21 2.9万
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【真题完整试卷在”公-重-浩“:超能资料库】

听力试题、听力原文、答案:

一、听力试题:

Q16: 

A) They have a stronger sense of social responsibility.

  B) They are more likely to succeed in the humanities.

  C) They are more likely to become engineers.

  D) They have greater potential to be leaders.

Q17: 

A) Praise girls who like to speak up frequently.

  B) Encourage girls to solve problems on their own.

  c) Insist that boys and girls work together more.

  D) Respond more positively to boys’ comments.

Q18: 

 A) Offer personalized teaching materials.

  B) Provide a variety of optional courses.

  C) Place great emphasis on test scores.

  D) Pay extra attention to top students.

二、听力原文:

  Single-sex education can have enormous benefits for female students. Numerous studies have shown that women who attend single-sex schools tend to have stronger self-confidence, better study habits and more ambitious career goals than women who attend coeducational schools. Girls who graduate from single-sex schools are three times more likely to become engineers than those who attend coeducational schools. The reason is that all-girls schools encourage women to enter fields traditionally dominated by men such as science, technology and engineering. In coeducational schools, girls are often expected to succeed only in humanities or the art. Research has also shown that in coeducational settings, teachers are more likely to praise and give in-depth responses to boys’ comments in class. In contrast, they might only respond to a girl’s comments with a nod. They are also more likely to encourage boys to work through problems on their own, while they tend to step in and help girls who struggle with a problem.

  In an all girls setting, girls are more likely to speak up frequently and make significant contributions to class than in a coeducational setting. Girls studying in a single-sex setting also earn higher scores on their College Board and advanced placement exams than girls who study in coeducational settings. All girls schools tend to be smaller than coeducational schools, which means teachers would be able to tailor the materials to girl students’ personal learning styles and interest.

  Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

Q16: What advantage does the speaker say girls from single-sex schools have over those from coeducational schools?

Q17: What do teachers tend to do in coeducational settings?

Q18: What are teachers more likely to do in an all-girls’ school?

答案:16-18:CDA

【翻译】

男女分校的教育可以给女学生带来很多好处。大量研究表明,上过男女分校的女学生往往自信心更强,相比男女同校的女学生而言,她们有更好的学习习惯和更远大的职业目标。从男女分校毕业的女学生成为工程师的可能性是那些男女同校的女学生的三倍。原因是女子学校鼓励女学生进入传统上由男学生主导的领域,如科学、技术和工程。在男女同校的学校里,女学生往往只能在人文或艺术方面取得成功。研究还表明,在男女同校的情况下,老师更有可能表扬男学生,并对男学生在课堂上的评论做出深入的回应。相反,老师可能只会点头回应女学生的评论。老师还更有可能鼓励男学生自己解决问题,而往往倾向于介入并帮助那些陷入问题而无法独自解决的女学生。在全是女学生的环境中,女学生比在男女同校的环境中更有可能经常发言,并为班级做出重大贡献。在男女分校的环境中学习的女学生在大学委员会和高级入学考试中也比在男女同校环境中学习的女学生获得更高的分数。在规模上,所有的女子学校往往都比男女同校的学校小,这意味着教师可以根据女学生的个人学习风格和兴趣定制教材。

请根据刚才所听的文章回答16-18题。

问题16:根据作者所言,男女分校的女学生和男女同校的女学生相比较有什么优势?

问题17:在男女同校的环境下,老师倾向于做什么?

问题18:在女子学校,老师们更可能做什么?


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