2020年7月英语四级听力真题-短文1

外语2020-08-31 18:20:04 3.4万
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一、试题:

二、原文:

Section C

Passage One

There is a saying that goes something along the lines of ‘You must love yourself first before you can love someone else.’ Similarly, I personally believe that you must be comfortable and happy in your own company before you can truly be yourself in the company of others. There is a massive difference between being lonely and being alone. Loneliness is a horrible feeling. However, you don’t have to actually be alone to feel that way. Many times, I’ve felt lonely when surrounded by a big group of people. In contrast, being alone can actually be a blessing, particularly, when you’ve actively chosen it. In my experience, being bored and alone is dangerous and can easily lead to the feeling of loneliness. The trick is to be active. Get outside, stretch your legs, do something cultural, buy yourself something tasty to eat or something pretty to wear. You don’t have to take anyone else into consideration and can do whatever you please. Spending time alone also allows you to more efficiently take care of problems. And then, when it’s time to be social and meet up with your friends, you will be fully there, because you won’t have too much other stuff floating around in your mind. Having been alone for a bit, you will also appreciate your friends’ company more and chances are your time spent together will be more worthwhile.

Question 16: What does the speaker say about being alone?

答案:B

定位句:  In contrast, being alone can actually be a blessing, particularly when you’ve actively chosen it.

Question 17: What does the speaker say how to reduce one’s feeling of loneliness?

答案:A

定位句:  The trick is to be active, get outside, stretch your legs, do something cultural, buy yourself something tasty to eat or something pretty to wear. You don’t have to take anyone else into consideration and can do whatever you’re pleased. 

Question 18: What is an advantage of spending one’s time alone?

答案:D

定位句: Spending time alone also allows you to more efficiently take care of problems. And then, when it’s time to be social and meet up with your friends, you will be fully there, because you won’t have too much other stuff floating around in your mind. Having been alone for a bit, you will also appreciate your friends’ company more, and chances are, your time spent together will be more worthwhile.

【翻译】


有一句谚语大概是这样说的:“首先是爱自己,其次才是爱别人。”同样,我个人认为,只有习惯并享受自我陪伴,我们才能在有他人陪伴时依然能做自己。孤独和独处是有很大区别的。孤独是一种可怕的感觉。然而,我们不一定要独处才能体会这种感觉。很多时候,即便是被一大群人围着,我也依然会觉得孤独。相反,独处可以是一大幸事,尤其是你主动选择独处的时候。就我个人的经验来看,无聊和独处是很危险的,因为很容易引起孤独感。避免孤独的诀窍是积极主动起来。出去走走,舒展舒展你的双腿,做一些文艺的事情,给自己买点好吃的或漂亮的衣服。不用考虑任何人的感受,尽情玩乐就是了。花时间独处还能帮助我们更为高效地处理问题。只有这样,你在社交或是跟朋友见面的时候才能更加专注于当下,因为你的脑海里不用再惦记各种其他的事情。独处一段时间后,你对朋友的陪伴的感激之情也会更浓,而且,很有可能的是,你们在一起的时间也会变得更有价值。



请根据上述材料回答16-18题。



问题16:说话人对独处有何看法?



问题17:说话人说如何才能减轻一个人的孤独感?



问题18:独处的好处是什么?




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